1. My notion of patterns comes from architect Christopher Alexander. Christopher Alexander, The Timeless Way of Building (New York: Oxford University Press, 1979); Christopher Alexander, Sara Ishikawa, and Murray Silverstein, A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction (New York: Oxford University Press, 1977).

2. Peggy Holman and Tom Atlee, “Evolutionary Dynamics and Social Systems,” Integral Leadership Review VIII, no. 2 (March 2008).


1. Bill Bishop, The Big Sort: Why the Clustering of Like-Minded America Is Tearing Us Apart (New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2008).

2. Mark Fitzgerald and Jennifer Saba, “Special Report: Turn and Face the Change—With Newspaper Industry in Crisis, ‘Everything’s on the Table,’” Editor and Publisher, August 2008.

3. Erica Smith, “14,783+ jobs: 2009 layoffs and buyouts at U.S. newspapers,” Paper Cuts, (accessed April 17, 2010).

4. Erica Smith, “Newspapers that have closed or stopped publishing a newsprint edition,” Paper Cuts, (accessed April 17, 2010).

5. Alan Deutschman, Change or Die: The Three Keys to Change at Work and in Life (New York: HarperBusiness, 2007).

6. Ibid.

Part I

1. Illustration by Steven Wright,

Chapter 1

1. Steven Johnson, Emergence: The Connected Lives of Ants, Brains, Cities, and Software (New York: Scribner, 2001), 18.

2. Peter Corning, “The Re-emergence of ‘Emergence’: A Venerable Concept in Search of a Theory,” Complexity 7, no. 6 (2002): 18–30.

3. Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 3rd ed. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996), 85. While the phrase paradigm shift first appears on page 85, the whole of Kuhn’s book describes the notion of transformation from one worldview to another.

4. M. Mitchell Waldrop, Complexity: The Emerging Science at the Edge of Order and Chaos (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992), 67–77.

5. Ibid., p. 12.

6. Johnson, Emergence, 21.

7. Ibid.

8. Segment of network map. Reprinted by permission from the Foundation, Amsterdam ( Thanks to Sheri Herndon for the idea and for catalyzing the mapping process. Thanks to Richard Rogers for creating the map. For the full map, visit

Chapter 2

1. David Bornstein, How to Change the World: Social Entrepreneurs and the Power of New Ideas, upd. ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007). Referenced by Peter Block at Nexus for Change, Bowling Green, Ohio, 2008.

2. Green Collar Jobs Corps,

3. Michael Lombardi, “Century of Technology: 20 products that prove how Boeing made into reality what others dared to dream,” January 2004, (accessed February 22, 2010).

4. “About JRMD/YRWD,” (accessed February 22, 2010).

5. The 900 followers of cult leader Jim Jones committed suicide by drinking grape Flavor Aid laced with cyanide at their commune in Jonestown, Guyana, in the late 1970s. Flavor Aid is an imitation of Kool-Aid.

6. The State of the News Media 2004: An Annual Report on American Journalism, Project for Excellence in Journalism,

Part II

1. Illustration by Steven Wright,

Chapter 4

1. Pema Chödrön, The Places That Scare You: A Guide to Fearlessness in Difficult Times (Boston: Shambhala Publications, 2007), 159.

2. David Gershon and Gail Straub, Empowerment: The Art of Creating Your Life as You Want It (New York: Dell Publishing, 1989), 12.

3. Mark Twain, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1917), 439.

Chapter 5

1. Michael Field and Martin Golubitsky, Symmetry in Chaos: A Search for Pattern in Mathematics, Art, and Nature (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992).

2. Peggy Holman, Tom Devane, and Steven Cady, The Change Handbook: The Definitive Resource on Today’s Best Methods for Engaging Whole Systems, 2nd ed. (San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 2007), 44.

3. Marvin Weisbord and Sandra Janoff, Future Search: An Action Guide to Finding Common Ground in Organizations and Communities (San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 1995).

Chapter 6

1. Viktor Frankl, Man’s Search for Meaning, rev. upd. ed. (New York: Pocket, 1997).

2. Marvin R. Weisbord, Productive Workplaces: Organizing and Managing for Dignity, Meaning, and Community (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1987), 78–79.

3. Girl Scouts of the USA, Book of Proceedings, 2008 National Council Session 51st Convention,

4. and

5. Image created with Wordle,

6. StoryWeavers, Welcome to Themefinding!, (accessed February 21, 2010).

Chapter 7

1. Michael Dowd, Thank God for Evolution: How the Marriage of Science and Religion Will Transform Your Life and Our World (New York: Viking, 2009).

2. Brian Swimme and Thomas Berry, The Universe Story: From the Primordial Flaring Forth to the Ecozoic Era—A Celebration of the Unfolding of the Cosmos (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1992).

3. Donella H. Meadows, Thinking in Systems: A Primer, ed. Diana Wright (White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green Publishing Co., 2008), 77, 78.

Part III

1. Illustration by Steven Wright,

Chapter 9

1. Apple, Inc. popularized “Think Different” in an ad campaign. A press release said they intended it “as a fanciful category, just as we might say ‘Think yellow,’ ‘Think change’ or ‘Think playful.’’ Stephen Paul Gnass, “The People That Put On The Invention Conventionâ.” Invention Convention, 2005, (accessed April 17, 2010).

Chapter 11

1. Andrew Sullivan, “The Revolution Will Be Twittered,” Daily Dish, June 13, 2009, (accessed February 18, 2010).

2. This story is told in greater detail in Christina Baldwin, Ann Linnea, and Margaret Wheatley, The Circle Way: A Leader in Every Chair (San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 2010), 169–75.

Chapter 12

1. Adam Kahane, “Learning from Mont Fleur: Scenarios as a tool for discovering common ground,” in Pieter le Roux, Vincent Maphai, et al., “The Mont Fleur Scenarios: What will South Africa be like in the year 2002?” Deeper News 7, no. 1 (Emeryville, CA: Global Business Network), 1–3,

2. Adam Kahane, Power and Love: A Theory and Practice of Social Change (San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 2010).

3. Kahane, “Learning from Mont Fleur,” 3.

Part IV

1. Illustration by Steven Wright,

Chapter 15

1. Elizabeth L. Eisenstein, The Printing Press as an Agent of Change: Communications and Cultural Transformations in Early-Modern Europe (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1979), 130.

In Closing: What’s Possible Now?

1. Paul Hawken, Blessed Unrest: How the Largest Social Movement in the World Came into Being and Why No One Saw It Coming (New York: Viking, 2007).

2. Deborah Brandt, “The Be the Change Movement: An Emerging Beat?” (unpublished paper, Seattle, WA, March 2009).

3. From “Visible Earth,” a catalog of NASA images,

4. Joel de Rosnay, The Symbiotic Man: A New Understanding of the Organization of Life and a Vision of the Future (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2000).

5. Sunlight Foundation, 2010, (accessed February 16, 2010).

6. Robbie Schingler and Jessy Cowan-Sharp, OpenGov Tracker, February 2010, (accessed February 16, 2010).

7. Digg, digg labs, 2010, (accessed February 16, 2010).

8. Minnesota Public Radio NewsQ, “Budget Balancer,” 2007, (accessed February 15, 2010).

About Emergent Change Processes

1. Barbara Benedict Bunker and Billie T. Alban, Large Group Interventions: Engaging the Whole System for Rapid Change (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1997).

2. Marvin Ross Weisbord et al., Discovering Common Ground: How Future Search Conferences Bring People Together to Achieve Breakthrough Innovation, Empowerment, Shared Vision, and Collaborative Action (San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 1992).

3. Dannemiller Tyson Associates, Whole-Scale Change Toolkit (San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 2000).

4. Barbara Benedict Bunker and Billie T. Alban, eds. “Large Group Interventions” (special issue), Journal of Applied Behavioral Science 28, no. 4 (1992).

5. Holman et al., The Change Handbook, 2nd ed.

6. Diana Whitney and Amanda Trosten-Bloom, The Power of Appreciative Inquiry: A Practical Guide to Positive Change (San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 2003).

7. Art of Hosting, “A 4-fold way of hosting,” February 15, 2010, (accessed February 16, 2010).

8. Christina Baldwin and Ann Linnea, The Circle Way: A Leader in Every Chair (San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 2010).

9. Jim Rough and DeAnna Martin, “Dynamic Facilitation,” in Peggy Holman, Tom Devane, and Steven Cady, The Change Handbook, 2nd ed.

10. Rosa Zubizarreta, “Practical Dialogue: Emergent Approaches for Effective Collaboration,” in Creating a Culture of Collaboration: The Interational Assocation of Facilitators Handbook, ed. Sandy Schuman (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2006).

11. Marvin Weisbord and Sandra Janoff, “Future Search: Common Ground Under Complex Conditions,” in Holman et al., The Change Handbook, 2nd ed.

12. Weisbord and Janoff, Future Search.

13. Harrison Owen, Open Space Technology: A User’s Guide (San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 1997).

14. Chris Ertel, Katherine Fulton, and Diana Scearce, “Scenario Thinking,” in Holman et al., The Change Handbook, 2nd ed.

15. Juanita Brown, David Isaacs, and World Café Community, The World Café: Shaping Our Futures Through Conversations That Matter (San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 2005).

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